academic freedom act

Academic Freedom - Waseda Shigenobu Okuma

Promoting Academic Freedom: Will Japan Seize Its Opportunity?

In my home country Germany, freedom of science is guaranteed by the Basic Law, as the constitution is called. When the Academic Freedom Act came into force in 2012, it increased self-governance of non-university research institutes in addition to universities. In contrast, the science sector in Japan has traditionally been strongly controlled by the ministries. Recently however, there is a […]

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